IMG 20180927 094211

Domkhar Rock Art Sanctuary: The Best Preserved Petroglyphs of Ladakh

Prehistoric humans discovering and exercising their creative urge, a fledgeling species thinking beyond mere sustenance, or a community trying to immortalize their rapidly unfurling story, although in a crude format, no matter how you describe a piece of prehistoric art, it does not fail to fascinate you.
As I have already mentioned in my previous post about the Brokpa area, these are probably the oldest manmade work of any kind I had ever seen, equalling or predating those in Dholavira. As a matter of fact, this entire route is full of such prehistoric rock art clusters but Domkhar is the best preserved one and it is only fitting that it overlooks the Indus, the river that sired an entire civilization and lends its name to the country. This also is a good indication of the antiquity of the human settlements in their area. I once missed a good chance to visit the much more famous prehistoric rock paintings in the caves of Bhimbetka in MP and this one made up for that.
I did not have much clue about the prehistoric petroglyphs of Ladakh until recently. I did not have any clear idea even as I reached Leh this September. I only started getting interested in them when I decided to explore the Brokpa region and soon I realized that this Khaltse-Batalik route has the best concentration of such sites.
So, I left the homestay at Achinathang on a morning 8 AM bus. This was a small local bus that goes up to Khaltse. I got down at Domkhar, just in front of the signboard mentioning the sanctuary although it seems too early and the gate seemed to be locked.
IMG 20180927 092435
I reached early and gate seemed locked
Anyway, I found another path, going down towards the river bank and reached a spot full of seasonal flowers. I was beginning to wonder if I’d come to the right place as it seemed like a floriculture plot rather than an archaeological site. Nevertheless, one guy came out of the house and confirmed that I was in the right place. The village of Domkhar is also doing well in organic farming and that is what I was seeing all around. Anyway, the guy walked me to follow him. We took a narrower but well-maintained pathway lined with poplars from the plot and soon I noticed the first one not them, followed by the second one.
IMG 20180927 093154
At first it did not look like the place I was looking for…
Dah Bima 21
The poplar-lined gateway to petroplyphic paradise
After that they kept appearing one by one till we almost descended to the bank of the river. These scenes were varied. There were scenes of people and animals, showing hunting and another day to day activities. Not everything could be identified or deciphered but the ibex hunting scenes were probably the most prominent ones. There was also a clearly identifiable horse at one place, which raised a few questions. There are some controversies regarding the horses in the subcontinent. The traditional view is that they are not native to India and arrived with Indo-Aryan settlers while the opposing anti-AIT group of people will beg to differ. The age of this piece of art may give them some ammo.
IMG 20180927 094211 2
It is fittingly located overlooking the great Indus


Dah Bima 48 1
Ibex Hunting
Dah Bima 39
What exactly is that?
Dah Bima 33 2
The horse raises many questions
Dah Bima 29
What is that?  Looks Egyptian!
Dah Bima 32
Big Cats?
Dah Bima 27
Phallic symbolism?
It is hard to know the exact age of these petroglyphs of Ladakh. Various sources quote various numbers from 2000 to 5000 years. So, It can be said that they are not all necessarily prehistoric and there is a continuity in this tradition that was sustained till the historical era. Also, some of them reportedly have Buddhist symbols, so they must have been done after the spread of Buddhism. However, the ones I spotted in Domkhar seemed genuinely pre-historic, especially the hunting scenes, and I personally never spotted any religious iconography.
I spent around 45 minutes admiring the rocks. I could have spent the whole day but the guy who was showing me around was getting a bit impatient. So, we walked back to the entry point and he directed me to a room, which was full of dried apricots. I thought now they will be charged the entry fee but surprisingly that was not the case (I had read in a different account that there was an entry fee). Instead, I met the family that I presume owns that plot including the petroglyphs. They offered tea and biscuits and then after that, I left. After that point, there was a long wait for the bus on the road for Dah-Bima but that is a different story.

Petroglyphs at Dah-Beema

A couple of days later, I had the opportunity to see a few more of these artefacts near Dah Village, precisely somewhere between Dah and Biama, by teh side of the road, on the banks of Indus again. Another such rock is now a part of the entry gate of an army camp in the same area. So, it is hard to click photos of that one. But here you can see one on the river bank, with Polo, the French guy I mentioned in the previous post.
Dah Bima 85
Petroglyphs near Dah Village
Dah Bima 83
Prehistoric rock art along with promotions for Hasan Mechanic, a pre-historic chariot repairer…
Now, the ones near Dah are not that well preserved. Some of them have already been lost due to the river and also due to road construction activities. Also, people seem to be sculpting their names on the rocks (as they always do in India).
This is exactly where Domkhar becomes important. There are many such sites in Ladakh and more are being discovered. But Domkhar Rock Art Sanctuary seems more likely to survive while the rest are yearning for preservation.

How to Reach Domkhar?

Domkhar is around 120 KMs from Leh along the Khaltse-Batalik route. Catch the Dah-Bima bus from Leh bus stand at 8.30 AM in the morning and you should reach by noon.

Where to Stay in Domkhar?

I was told that it i spossible stay here but I could not see any place to stay in DOmkhar and nor was I planning to stay. The nearest places with definite stay options will be Khaltse and Achinathang on both sides. Otherwise, you can just take a detour enroute to Dah.

Where else to see rock art in Ladakh?

Apart from Domkhar, I have already mentioned the ones near Dah village. They have been reported around various parts of Ladakh and Zanskar but they may differ in style and antiquity. The ones along this so called Aryan Valley or Brokpa Valley seem to have their own distinctive style. Places like Khaltse, Nimmu, Likir, Alchi, Stakna, Karu, Upshi, and Tangste etc also reportedly have such sites but I will have to return next year to explore these.

Jitaditya Narzary

15 thoughts on “Domkhar Rock Art Sanctuary: The Best Preserved Petroglyphs of Ladakh”

  1. So interesting. So, the first place might be privately owned, right? So nice to see that they are preserving the area and the petroglyphs. Fascinating work. Yeah, the horse seems to have all the ‘details.’ 🙂

    And so sad to see the graffiti in the last pic. 🙁

    Thank you for this post, J. 🙂 I hope you are doing well.

  2. I didn’t know of the petroglyphs in Laddakh. I hope the government does something to protect them. To know that these are not only getting lost to nature but also ruined by people writing on them (like you mentione like everything in India) it is sad! These are so old and priceless!!!

  3. Had absolutely no idea there were ancient petroglyphs in Ladakh! How wonderful to see them! Did you pay or tip the local guide who lead you down to where you could see them all? Wondering how best to organise a visit.

  4. I also have not heard or know about prehistoric petroglyphs of Ladakh until I read your post. It’s quite fascinating to know about those and also quite intriguing. The drawings or carvings on the rocks/ stones are captivating and indeed had different meanings into one’s eyes. Anyway, you had a great time here at Ladakh.

  5. Wow! What amazing petroglyphs . They are so well preserved and clear as well. I love the one of the horse. It looks like it was recently done there is still so much detail in it.

  6. I hadn’t realised there were petroglyphs like this in India, and of such detail! I have seen some carvings in stones in Colombia, but nowhere near this detail. I hope they are preserved, it would be a shame to lose them!

  7. It’s always amazing to us that things can be preserved for such long periods of time.
    If only we could go back in time and see exactly the setting it was that these were being done in.

  8. Pingback: Dah Village: The Citadel of Brokpas – The Travelling Slacker

  9. Pingback: Stakna Monastery: View from the Tiger’s Nose – The Travelling Slacker

  10. Tracking Indus thro Himalayas suddenly saw this . In India Konkan is having many petroglyphs discovered. And what this one in Ladakh 2000 kms away is absolutely amazing.

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published.

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.