The last time I entered the Mehrauli Archaeological Park, I did visit the Jamali Manali Mosque, but did not realise the importance of the tomb located in the chamber next to it and nor did any anyone ask me to do so. Nevertheless, I am not unaware of the riches Mehrauli has to offer to relic hunters. I consider it to be among the most delightful yet obscure trails in Delhi that people often forget while pursuing more touristy attractions.
Anyways, I got an opportunity to make up for what I’d missed earlier due to another of the #TBCG_trips, this time with noted historian Rana Safvi, arranged as always by Alka Kaushik under the aegis of Travel Bloggers and Correspondents Group. We also visited Balban’s Tomb and Quli Khan’s Tomb during the walk and scored a copy of her book on Mehrauli. It is an important work because it comprehensively lists and discusses every possible monuments in the Mehrauli area, most of which now remain forgotten and neglected.
Coming back to Jamali Kamali (built around 1528-1529 AD), the reason I am focusing on this is because I was taken aback by the sheer grandeur packed inside one small chamber. As we entered the compound, arrangement was made to open up the locked chamber housing the twin tombs (it normally remains locked and most people do not realise that such treasures are hidden inside).
Now, there are two tombs, belonging to the proverbial Jamali and Kamali. Jamali was Shaikh Fazlullah “Jamali”, a Sufi Saint who lived here during the late Lodhi or early Mughal era. Not much is known about “Kamali” but they surely shared a great bond and hence buried together. Both the graves look similar, suggesting that the two people were of equal stature. Because generally in most of the royal mosques I have noticed one large Tomb of the male patriarch, surrounded by smaller ones of his relatives.
But what is more enticing is the sheer artistry displayed on the every square inch of the walls and the roof. In general, most of Delhi’s monuments have decorated roofs but most of them are wearing out. But last week I was delighted to find a well maintained roof at the Isa Khan’s Tomb at the Humayun’s Tomb complex. However, this one surpasses it because not only the centre but the entire roof here is covered with near psychedelic patterns. Also noticeable was the distinctly Indian elements such as lotus motifs at various parts, indicating the pinnacle of Indo-Saracenic design. I am pasting the Isa Khan’s roof first, followed by the roof of Jamali Kamali, which I could not even cover fully in one frame with the 35 mm lens. Lack of wide angle is costing me all the time nowadays.
Rest of the enclosure has also been decorated like a jewel box and some of Jamali’s poems have also been inscribed on the walls with delicate calligraphy.
The other interesting part here was the discussion on the forced homosexual angle. As these two tombs belong to two male friends, some 21st century, revisionist views are beginning to add an homoerotic angle to their relationship. I have personally found such ideas pretty juvenile, forced by a need to appropriat eeverything according to politically correct 21st century standards. I have come across comments attributing and even “demanding” homosexuality from the likes of Holmes and Watson and even Tintin and Haddock! Personally, I did find the Kunwar Virendra Singh and Janbaaz friendship in Chandrakanta (Based on the TV Series, I have not read the book) to be homoerotic, but lets not get carried away with that.
We continued the walk as we moved on towards the Rajjon Ki Baoli. I am not getting into much details for the rest of them to avoid sounding repetitive. I just want to finish it with a couple of trivia I learnt during the walk.
1. The tomb known as “Balban’s Tomb” was actually his son’s. His own tomb was destroyed ages ago.
2. The large Baoli (stepwell) inside the park is called Rajjon Ki baoli (baoli of the masons), not Rajaon Ki Baoli (baoli of the kings). A lot of people mistakenly use the later.